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The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02022-01-14 22:33:54
(1) The isotherm of adsorption and desorption of coconut-based activated carbon for domestic tobacco was determined by low temperature nitrogen adsorption method, BET method was used to calculate its specific surface area and pore volume, and density function theory was used to calculate its total pore distribution. The surface morphology of activated carbon was observed by scanning electron microscope. Finally, seven kinds of samples whose structural parameters meet the requirements of the experimental gradient are determined. The specific surface area of the sample ranges from 700-1400m2/g, and the particle size ranges from 40-60, 60-80 and 80-100 mesh. All the samples are dominated by micropores, and the percentage of micropores is more than 80%.www.chinactivecarbon.com  (2) determination of activated carbon to join before and after the join in cigarette smoke volatile) base material, phenolic compounds, 5 kinds of volatile organic compounds (1, 3 butadiene and isoprene, acrylonitrile, benzene and toluene) and aroma composition to release a quantity to change, discusses the structure, the nature of the compound, activated carbon and filtration efficiency of flue gas composition. The results show that the activated carbon has a general filtering effect on flue gas compounds, but the filtering degree of different compounds is different. The filtration efficiency is mainly related to the specific surface area and micropore volume of activated carbon. When the particle size is certain, the filtration efficiency increases with the increase of specific surface area and micropore volume of activated carbon. When the specific surface area and micropore volume are close to each other, the smaller the carbon particle size is, the higher the filtration efficiency of flue gas components is. Microporous high percentage of carbon retention ability of small molecules, of acetaldehyde, 1, 3 - butadiene and isoprene small molecule compounds, such as high filtration efficiency, high percentage and microporous carbon mass transfer resistance is big, such as phenolic half less volatile components of filtering, appropriately increase large and medium hole and transitional channel will increase the filtering of macromolecular compounds. The filtration efficiency was related to the properties of the compounds, especially the molecular weight and boiling point of the compounds. The filtration efficiency of volatile carbon substrate and 5 volatile organic compounds increased with the increase of the boiling point of the molecular weight of compounds. The filtration efficiency of phenolic compounds was significantly lower than that of volatile compounds) and five volatile organic compounds, and the filtration efficiency of binary phenol was lower than that of monophenol. The filtration efficiency of aromatic compounds decreased with the increase of molecular weight boiling point.  gold adsorption on activated carbon 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-05 21:48:16
Physical method is to use carbon dioxide, water vapor or the mixture of both as activator, the carbonized carbon material and gas in the activation furnace at 500~1200℃ for carbon activation reaction, so that the pore size of the carbonized material to expand, the formation of activated carbon with porous microcrystalline structure.Gas activation method mainly includes carbonization and activation engineering.The so-called carbonization, refers to the low temperature (about 500℃) is small, the volatile coal tar molecules in the material and the thermal decomposition and curing process of asphalt, that is, to remove the volatile in advance, made suitable for the next step of activation with carbonization.gold recovery activated carbon  When the temperature is below 600℃, the specific surface area of carbonized material increases with the increase of temperature.When 600~900℃, the specific surface area reaches a certain value: 250~300 m2/g; when above1000℃, the specific surface area shrinks rapidly. When the carbonization temperature is above 800℃, the reaction performance of carbonized compounds and activation gas gradually becomes weaker, so the carbonization temperature is generally below 1000℃. However, if the residual volatile content and thermal effect are taken into account, the most suitable temperature should be 600~700℃39].coconut activated carbon factory   The carbonized substance obtained from the carbonization process is placed in water vapor or a mixture of water vapor and combustion gas and heat treated at 800~1000℃, which is called the activation process. The commonly used activation gases are carbon dioxide, water vapor, oxygen, etc., due to the oxidation reaction of these gases on the surface of the carbonized substance, eroding the carbonized substance, thus producing a rich porous structure.(2) Chemical method. Chemical activation method is a method of preparing activated carbon by adding chemicals to the raw materials used or impregnation into the raw materials or carbonized materials, and then heating it at high temperature in inert gas.The chemicals used in chemical activation are generally dehydrating.The more commonly used activator is: inorganic acid varieties have phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid and boric acid, salt varieties have zinc chloride, calcium carbonate and potassium sulfate, alkali varieties have sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, etc. 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-05 21:51:05
Its adsorption is selective, and non-polar substances are easier to be adsorbed than polar substances.In the same series of substances, the higher the boiling point of the substance, the more tolerantEasy to be adsorbed, the greater the pressure, the lower the temperature, the greater the concentration, the greater the amount of adsorption.On the contrary, decompression and heating are beneficial to gas desorption.It is often used for gas adsorption,Separation and purification, recovery of solvents, decolorizing agents for sugar solution, grease, glycerin, medicine, deodorant for drinking water and refrigerators, filter agent for gas masks,It can also be used as a catalyst or metal salt catalyst carrier.Early production of activated carbon raw materials for wood, hard nut shell or animal bones, later mainly used coal, after dryingDistillation, activation treatment after the production of activated carbon methods are :① steam, gas activation method.Carbon is activated by water vapor or carbon dioxide at 850~900℃. ② chemical activation method.Activated carbon can be obtained after high temperature treatment by using the gas released by the activator or soaking the raw material with the activator.Activated carbon has a micro product structure, the micro product arrangement is completely irregular, the product body has micropores (radius is less than 20[angstroms]=10-10 meters), through the hole (halfDiameter 20~1000), large hole (radius 1000~100000), so that it has a large inner surface, specific surface area of 500~1700 m 2/ g.This determines that activated carbon has good adsorption, can adsorb the metal ions in waste water and waste gas, harmful gases, organic pollutants, pigments and so on.  gold coconut shell activated carbon  ② chemical activation method.Activated carbon can be obtained after high temperature treatment by using the gas released by the activator or soaking the raw material with the activator.Activated carbon has a micro product structure, the micro product arrangement is completely irregular, the product body has micropores (radius is less than 20[angstroms]=10-10 meters), through the hole (halfDiameter 20~1000), large hole (radius 1000~100000), so that it has a large inner surface, specific surface area of 500~1700 m 2/ g.This determines that activated carbon has good adsorption, can adsorb the metal ions in waste water and waste gas, harmful gases, organic pollutants, pigments and so on. activated carbon from china 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-27 22:38:48
Therefore, it is of practical significance to explore and seek an effective pretreatment method. In this paper, Fenton oxidation and activated carbon adsorption were combined to pretreat the wastewater from natural gas purification maintenance, in order to improve the subsequent operation efficiency of UASB. www.powdered-activated-carbon.com  This experiment by orthogonal test to determine the Fenton reagent oxidation first preliminary operating conditions, on this basis, carries on the single factor analysis method, the main factors influencing the Fenton reagent treatment effect for each study, investigation of its influence on wastewater COD removal rate, the results show that Fenton oxidation method the optimum operating conditions for natural gas purification overhaul wastewater treatment: HO2 dosing quantity 0.3 mol/L, n (HO)/n (Fe) = systematically, initial pH = 3, reaction temperature 70 ℃, reaction time, 40 min.activated carbon pellets wholesale   Under these conditions, the COD removal rate reached 78.6%, the BOD /COD value increased from 0.168 to 0.353-0.403, and the biodegradability was greatly improved. If Ho is added in three times and the interval time is 10min, the COD removal rate will increase from 78.6% to 80.3%. Therefore, it can be seen that H0: batch addition will further improve the reaction effect. After Fenton oxidation treatment, wastewater and activated carbon adsorption, this topic activated carbon adsorption experiments using single factor method, examines different PH, activated carbon adsorption dosing quantity and the influence of adsorption time of wastewater COD removal rate, the results show that after Fenton oxidation treatment without having to adjust PH value, according to the 20 g/L after adding the activated carbon reaction 3 h at room temperature, COD removal rate was 47.3%,, BOD/COD value of 0.438 to 0.625. The research in this paper has laid a theoretical foundation and provided an experimental basis for the practical application of Fenton oxidation and activated carbon adsorption in the pretreatment of natural gas purification maintenance wastewater in UASB reactor. 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-06-10 18:42:24
The focus of the whole production process is the activation section. At the present stage, some domestic activated carbon production enterprises use air as the activation gas in the activation process. Although it is cheap and easy to get, the air used as the activation gas in the production of activated carbon has a high burning loss rate, low product yield and low finished strength of activated carbon particles. The production of activated carbon by steam as activation gas has the advantages of low burning loss rate, high product yield and high strength of activated carbon particles.wood based activated carbon manufacturer  This project adopts the production process, that is, is the use of water vapor is activated, at the same time set up at the end of the activation furnace waste heat boiler to extract the sensible heat, the boiler and could be used to provide the necessary activation water vapor activation furnace, the design in improving the utilization ratio of resources at the same time, reduce the pollutant emissions, reduces the project's impact on the environment during production process.https://www.dxdcarbon.com/   Activation tail gas is treated and discharged by dust removal and desulfurization system after utilization. ⑴ Zinc chip ratio. Zinc chip ratio refers to the weight ratio of anhydrous zinc chloride to absolute raw wood chips. Zinc chip ratio has a decisive influence on the pore structure and adsorption properties of activated carbon. The pore structure of activated carbon is often adjusted by zinc chip ratio, which is the most important factor for the production of activated carbon by zinc chloride method. ⑵ The influence of raw material types. As a result of different species, wood resin content and hardness and other properties are different, thus the chemical penetration ability of wood chips have differences. Fir chips are usually the best, pine chips the next, and hard and miscellaneous chips the worst. ⑶ The moisture content of raw materials. The moisture content of the sawdust affects the rate of chemical penetration into the sawdust particles, thus affecting the impregnation time. When the moisture content of sawdust is more than 30%, the impregnation time is more than 8h. Generally, the moisture content of sawdust should not exceed 5%. According to the different production technology, the moisture content of sawdust has different specific indexes. (4) the influence of wood particle size. When the particle size of wood chips in the production of powdered activated carbon is 6~40 mesh, the particle size of wood chips has no obvious effect on the product quality. The effect of sawdust particle size on product quality is related to the zinc chip ratio used. When the zinc chips are relatively small (such as 80%), the wear resistance and relative density of activated carbon decrease with the increase of sawdust size. When the size of zinc chip is large (e.g. 200%), the wood chip particle size is 0.25~2.0mm, and the wear resistance and relative density of activated carbon are not significantly affected 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-07 18:54:37
The preparation methods of activated carbon include physical method, chemical method, microwave radiation method, etc.(1) Physical method.activated carbon gold mining  Physical method is to use carbon dioxide, water vapor or the mixture of both as activator, the carbonized carbon material and gas in the activation furnace at 500~1200℃ for carbon activation reaction, so that the pore size of the carbonized material to expand, the formation of activated carbon with porous microcrystalline structure.Gas activation method mainly includes carbonization and activation engineering.The so-called carbonization, refers to the low temperature (about 500℃) is small, the volatile coal tar molecules in the material and the thermal decomposition and curing process of asphalt, that is, to remove the volatile in advance, made suitable for the next step of activation with carbonization.activated carbon company   When the temperature is below 600℃, the specific surface area of carbonized material increases with the increase of temperature.When 600~900℃, the specific surface area reaches a certain value: 250~300 m2/g; when above1000℃, the specific surface area shrinks rapidly. When the carbonization temperature is above 800℃, the reaction performance of carbonized compounds and activation gas gradually becomes weaker, so the carbonization temperature is generally below 1000℃. However, if the residual volatile content and thermal effect are taken into account, the most suitable temperature should be 600~700℃39]. The carbonized substance obtained from the carbonization process is placed in water vapor or a mixture of water vapor and combustion gas and heat treated at 800~1000℃, which is called the activation process. 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-27 22:35:56
Therefore, it is of practical significance to explore and seek an effective pretreatment method. In this paper, Fenton oxidation and activated carbon adsorption were combined to pretreat the wastewater from natural gas purification maintenance, in order to improve the subsequent operation efficiency of UASB.activated carbon gold mining  This experiment by orthogonal test to determine the Fenton reagent oxidation first preliminary operating conditions, on this basis, carries on the single factor analysis method, the main factors influencing the Fenton reagent treatment effect for each study, investigation of its influence on wastewater COD removal rate, the results show that Fenton oxidation method the optimum operating conditions for natural gas purification overhaul wastewater treatment: HO2 dosing quantity 0.3 mol/L, n (HO)/n (Fe) = systematically, initial pH = 3, reaction temperature 70 ℃, reaction time, 40 min.activated carbon company  Under these conditions, the COD removal rate reached 78.6%, the BOD /COD value increased from 0.168 to 0.353-0.403, and the biodegradability was greatly improved. If Ho is added in three times and the interval time is 10min, the COD removal rate will increase from 78.6% to 80.3%. Therefore, it can be seen that H0: batch addition will further improve the reaction effect. After Fenton oxidation treatment, wastewater and activated carbon adsorption, this topic activated carbon adsorption experiments using single factor method, examines different PH, activated carbon adsorption dosing quantity and the influence of adsorption time of wastewater COD removal rate, the results show that after Fenton oxidation treatment without having to adjust PH value, according to the 20 g/L after adding the activated carbon reaction 3 h at room temperature, COD removal rate was 47.3%,, BOD/COD value of 0.438 to 0.625. The research in this paper has laid a theoretical foundation and provided an experimental basis for the practical application of Fenton oxidation and activated carbon adsorption in the pretreatment of natural gas purification maintenance wastewater in UASB reactor. 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-07 18:55:47
Principle of activated carbon adsorption activated carbon is a kind of very small granular hasactivated carbon wholesale  a large surface area, and more tiny holes in the granular - capillary. The capillary has very strong adsorption capacity, due to the granular surface area is large, so a good contact with with gas (impurities). When these gases (impurities) encounter capillary by adsorption, purification effect. Activated carbon surface area of the study is very important, only the BET specific surface area detecting data of active carbon method detected result is reliable, domestic at present there are many instruments can only make direct comparison method of detection,  activated carbon for gold recovery 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-07 22:42:02
The preparation methods of activated carbon include physical method, chemical method, microwave radiation method, etc.(1) Physical method.activated carbon gold mining  Physical method is to use carbon dioxide, water vapor or the mixture of both as activator, the carbonized carbon material and gas in the activation furnace at 500~1200℃ for carbon activation reaction, so that the pore size of the carbonized material to expand, the formation of activated carbon with porous microcrystalline structure.Gas activation method mainly includes carbonization and activation engineering.The so-called carbonization, refers to the low temperature (about 500℃) is small, the volatile coal tar molecules in the material and the thermal decomposition and curing process of asphalt, that is, to remove the volatile in advance, made suitable for the next step of activation with carbonization.activated carbon company   When the temperature is below 600℃, the specific surface area of carbonized material increases with the increase of temperature.When 600~900℃, the specific surface area reaches a certain value: 250~300 m2/g; when above1000℃, the specific surface area shrinks rapidly. When the carbonization temperature is above 800℃, the reaction performance of carbonized compounds and activation gas gradually becomes weaker, so the carbonization temperature is generally below 1000℃. However, if the residual volatile content and thermal effect are taken into account, the most suitable temperature should be 600~700℃39]. The carbonized substance obtained from the carbonization process is placed in water vapor or a mixture of water vapor and combustion gas and heat treated at 800~1000℃, which is called the activation process. 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-09-04 00:20:11
Water purification, can remove the organic matter and heavy metal ions and mildewy odor, bacteria and used in water decolorization, used in drinking water industry, beverage, beer, medicine, sugar and other industries water purification, decolorization process and pure water, direct drinking water production equipment;Sewage treatment: can be used to treat the chemical industry, electroplating, metallurgy, printing and dyeing, leather, medicine and other sources of sewage, the removal of organic materials, bacteria and organic dyes in the water.Especially the treatment of toxic and harmful wastewater containing high metal ions;Organic solvent recovery: to benzene, ketone, fat, alcohol and other types of organic solvents can be adsorbed recovery;It can be used in solvent recovery devices such as glue spray paint and film, in benzene purification and recovery devices and in environmental protection projects of waste gas and sewage treatment.Health and anti-expansion: made of gas masks, gas and dust masks, gas jackets can have good adsorption and shielding effect on toxic gases https://www.granular-activated-carbon.com  Medical treatment and biological engineering: can be used for the manufacture of artificial kidney, liver adsorbent, used in biological engineering for enzyme fixation; Microwave heating can produce good effects in the preparation and modification of activated carbon (S2. Microwave modification, many backwater hole is opened, the distributed capacitance change obviously, promoting the improvement of the adsorption. The microwave power and irradiation time are key determinants of modified activated carbon adsorption performance. On the mechanism of microwave carbonization and activation, it is generally believed thatcoal based granular activated carbon  Plant waste is mostly made of plant fiber raw materials, in the plant body under the action of capillary, modified solution absorbed by material whole fully, between fiber is filled with the subtle space, make the dry material volume expansion after soaking wet, and reaction. Because of the water in the raw material, modified solution constitute a polar molecule, with a strong absorption of microwave dielectric properties,Therefore, polar molecules collide and rub violently with microwave frequency, generating a large amount of heat, which makes water and modified solution volatilize rapidly, and generate steam pressure, which explodes out from the inside of the raw material to the outside. This sharp action makes the fiber space of the raw material expand and produce sharp drying.In this way, the raw material has a more obvious pore structure and a larger internal specific surface area than before microwave irradiation. Compared with the traditional heating method, the mechanism of microwave in the preparation process of activated carbon is completely different.It shows its unique advantages: high efficiency, energy saving, uniformity, selectivity, low pollution, high thermal efficiency, low energy consumption, simple process and equipment and small footprint, conducive to automation, low carbon loss, and recovery of useful substances. Many theoretical problems in this new field, especially the microwave heating mechanism, need to be further studied, and the mathematical model of the heating process needs to be established 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02021-12-08 18:18:12
In view of the characteristics of large amount of matter and high content of benzene organic matter in gas, the method of removing these substances is studied and the solution is given. In this study, the concentration of benzene, naphthalene and ash in gas before purifying feed-gas compressor was determined by chromatograph, picric acid titration and weighing method respectively. According to the measured values, the experimental flow was designed, and coke column and activated carbon column were made by themselves. activated carbon for gold recovery  The isobarisothermal adsorption properties of activated carbon at different temperatures, at different pressures and at different flow rates were determined by using the gas produced in the system as samples.The adsorption effluent curve of benzene by activated carbon was plotted.activated carbon wholesale   The effects of different temperature on the regeneration performance of activated carbon under static environment, the effects of steam at different temperature on the regeneration performance of activated carbon under dynamic environment and the effects of nitrogen at different temperature on the regeneration performance of activated carbon under dynamic environment were studied. The experimental results showed that high pressure and low temperature were beneficial to the adsorption, and the flow rate had little effect on the equilibrium adsorption capacity in the range of experimental flow rate. The adsorption capacity of benzene by activated carbon in the experiment was 150~170mg/g under operating conditions. At the same time, the filtration and adsorption properties of coke were tested. The experiment shows that the adsorption performance of the test coke on benzene is very weak, can not be used as the nitrogen adsorbent, but the coke filter and adsorption performance of ash and naphthalene is very good, the content of naphthalene and ash after the gas through the coke column completely meet the design requirements. The results show that the combined use of coke and activated carbon in the gas system can completely achieve the purpose of removing benzene, naphthalene and ash. According to the above research results, a coke filter was designed. The application of the equipment solved the problems that the feedstock gas compressor in the urea blackening unit could not run for a long period due to the vibration caused by the scaling of the rotor, the blockage of the flow channel and the problems that the naphthalene formation in the heat exchanger affected the heat transfer effect. The adsorption effluent curve of benzene by activated carbon was plotted. The effects of different temperature on the regeneration performance of activated carbon under static environment, the effects of steam at different temperature on the regeneration performance of activated carbon under dynamic environment and the effects of nitrogen at different temperature on the regeneration performance of activated carbon under dynamic environment were studied. The experimental results showed that high pressure and low temperature were beneficial to the adsorption, and the flow rate had little effect on the equilibrium adsorption capacity in the range of experimental flow rate. The adsorption capacity of benzene by activated carbon in the experiment was 150~170mg/g under operating conditions. 
The role of activated carbon in the pharmaceutical industry02022-02-11 22:44:44
Adding appropriate chemical reagents will play the role of catalytic oxidation [73], and these chemical reagents will also increase the active point of activation reaction, which is conducive to the development of activated carbon pores. gold recovery from activated carbon  Now at home and abroad the main research work is mainly the following aspects: a, additive in the functional mechanism of manufacturing activated carbon energy gao jun of China university of mining mechanism of additives in the manufacturing activated carbon made detail [4, pointed out that: the catalyst in the carbonization stage prompted carbon the destruction of the molecular structure of aromatic raw materials, to "structure" of disordering, provides a good initial activation reaction conditions, is an important factor to improve the activation of activated carbon pore. In the process of activation, potassium to strengthen the directionality of the pore, thereby reducing the unnecessary on ignition, and accelerated the process of pore forming,activated carbon china manufacturers  And pore distribution is given priority to with microporous activated carbon; refractory in the catalyst to ash content of SiO2 and Al, 03, etc, into acid soluble potassium nepheline chemical compounds such as magnesium and calcium silicon stone is the key to improve pickling deliming rate factor b and additives on the activated carbon adsorption properties, pore structure and pore size distribution - adding different additives. The influence of the activated carbon: c, chemicals for coking products. 

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