Water purification of activated carbon

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Asked at 2021-11-25 22:06:14

The effect of the amount and adding method of activated carbon on smoke emission of cigarettes was investigated. It was found that the filtration efficiency of ternary compound filter was higher than that of binary compound filter under the influence of plasticizer when the amount of activated carbon was constant. With the increase of the amount of activated carbon, the filtration efficiency of the two kinds of composite filters increases. The effects of the amount of activated carbon on the filtration efficiency of the compounds with different volatiles are different. The effects of the amount of activated carbon on the filtration efficiency of the isomers are similar due to their close molecular weight and boiling point. When the dosage is small, the competitive adsorption is easy to occur. The adsorption amount of refractory components such as acetaldehyde is small, and the competition can be reduced by increasing the dosage. The filtration efficiency of refractory components shows an obvious upward trend with the increase of the dosage. When the temperature is below 600℃, the specific surface area of carbonized material increases with the increase of temperature.When 600~900℃, the specific surface area reaches a certain value: 250~300 m2/g; when above1000℃, the specific surface area shrinks rapidly.

When the carbonization temperature is above 800℃, the reaction performance of carbonized compounds and activation gas gradually becomes weaker, so the carbonization temperature is generally below 1000℃. However, if the residual volatile content and thermal effect are taken into account, the most suitable temperature should be 600~700℃39].

The carbonized substance obtained from the carbonization process is placed in water vapor or a mixture of water vapor and combustion gas and heat treated at 800~1000℃, which is called the activation process.

The commonly used activation gases are carbon dioxide, water vapor, oxygen, etc., due to the oxidation reaction of these gases on the surface of the carbonized substance, eroding the carbonized substance, thus producing a rich porous structure.(2) Chemical method.

Chemical activation method is a method of preparing activated carbon by adding chemicals to the raw materials used or impregnation into the raw materials or carbonized materials, and then heating it at high temperature in inert gas.The chemicals used in chemical activation are generally dehydrating.The more commonly used activator is: inorganic acid varieties have phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid and boric acid, salt varieties have zinc chloride, calcium carbonate and potassium sulfate, alkali varieties have sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, etc. 

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