The shell of activated carbon

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Asked at 2021-08-25 00:29:29

Principle of activated carbon adsorption

activated carbon is a kind of very small granular has a large surface area, and more tiny holes in the granular - capillary. The capillary has very strong adsorption capacity, due to the granular surface area is large, so a good contact with with gas (impurities). When these gases (impurities) encounter capillary by adsorption, purification effect. Activated carbon surface area of the study is very important, only the BET specific surface area detecting data of active carbon method detected result is reliable, domestic at present there are many instruments can only make direct comparison method of detectionIn domestic has been eliminated. Specific surface area test unified the multi-point BET method at home and abroad, specific surface area measurement standards are developed at home and abroad is based on BET test method, please see our national standard (GB/T 19587-2004) - gas adsorption BET principle of solid material specific surface area measurement methods. Specific surface area testing is actually the more time-consuming jobs, as the adsorption capacity of sample is different, some sample testing may need to spend the whole dayTime, if the test process is not fully automated, the tester can not leave at any time, and should be highly focused, observe the dashboard, control the knob, a little careless will lead to the failure of the test process, which will waste a lot of valuable time of the tester. The preparation methods of activated carbon include physical method, chemical method, microwave radiation method, etc.(1) Physical method. activated charcoal pellets 

Physical method is to use carbon dioxide, water vapor or the mixture of both as activator, the carbonized carbon material and gas in the activation furnace at 500~1200℃ for carbon activation reaction, so that the pore size of the carbonized material to expand, the formation of activated carbon with porous microcrystalline structure.Gas activation method mainly includes carbonization and activation engineering.The so-called carbonization, refers to the low temperature (about 500℃) is small, the volatile coal tar molecules in the material and the thermal decomposition and curing process of asphalt, that is, to remove the volatile in advance, made suitable for the next step of activation with  

When the temperature is below 600℃, the specific surface area of carbonized material increases with the increase of temperature.When 600~900℃, the specific surface area reaches a certain value: 250~300 m2/g; when above1000℃, the specific surface area shrinks rapidly. 


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