Activated carbon material

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Asked at 2021-07-30 23:45:33

Under certain operating conditions, the gas mixture by adsorption bed, adsorption by adsorption, adsorption after a period of time, when starting from the adsorbent in the laminar flow of the gas adsorbed mass (or its concentration reaches a specified value), think bed fire, adsorption properties of adsorbent adsorption quantity at this time is called dynamic activity of adsorbent.

The activity is not only related to the characteristics of adsorbents and adsorbents, but also related to temperature, concentration and operating conditions.

The kinetic activity value of adsorbent is the main basis for the design of adsorption system.

The adsorption rateThe adsorption process often takes a long time to reach equilibrium, and the contact time is limited in the actual production process.Therefore, the amount of adsorption depends on the adsorption rate, and the adsorption rate is related to the adsorption process, the adsorption process can be divided intoThe adsorption process often takes a long time to reach equilibrium, and the contact time is limited in the actual production process.Therefore, the amount of adsorption depends on the adsorption rate, and the adsorption rate is related to the adsorption process, which can be divided into the following stepspelletized activated carbon 

(1) External diffusion, the adsorbate from the main air flow through the air film around the particles to the outer surface of the adsorbent; (2) Internal diffusion, the adsorbate from the outer surface through micropores to the surface of the adsorbent microporeswww.powdered-activated-carbon.com 

(3) adsorption, the adsorbent reached the microporous surface of the adsorbent is adsorbed

(4) The desorbed adsorbate diffuses to the main body of the gas phase through internal and external diffusionPhysical adsorption process is generally controlled by internal and external diffusion, chemical adsorption is controlled by both surface dynamics and internal and external diffusion.Because of the complexity of the adsorption process and many influencing factors, it is difficult to derive the rate theoretically, so it is generally determined by experience or model experiment. Due to the high requirement of activated carbon for water pretreatment, and the high price of activated carbon, so in wastewater treatment, activated carbon is mainly used to remove trace pollutants in wastewater, in order to achieve the purpose of deep purification.

1. Activated carbon treatment of wastewater containing chromium. Chromium is a kind of metal raw material used in electroplating. The hexavalent chromium in wastewater exists in different forms with different pH values. Activated carbon has a very developed microporous structure and high specific surface area, has a strong physical adsorption capacity, can effectively adsorb Cr (V) in wastewater. There are a large number of oxygen-containing groups on the surface of activated carbon, such as hydroxyl (-OH), carboxyl (-COOH), etc., which all have the function of electrostatic adsorption and produce chemical adsorption on Cr (VI). It can be completely used to treat Cr (VI) in electroplating wastewater, and the adsorbed wastewater can meet the national discharge standard. The results showed that when the mass concentration of Cr (VI) in the solution was 50mg/L, pH=3 and adsorption time was 1.5h, the adsorption performance and Cr (VI) removal rate of activated carbon reached the best effect. Therefore, the process of treating wastewater containing chromium by activated carbon is the result of the comprehensive action of physical adsorption, chemical adsorption and chemical reduction of Cr (VI) in solution by activated carbon. Activated carbon treatment of wastewater containing chromium has stable adsorption performance, high treatment efficiency, low operating cost, and certain social and economic benefits. 

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