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Activated carbon are widely used Activated carbon purifies how clean water is 02021-07-18 23:14:58
Adsorption capacity refers to the amount of adsorbents adsorbed on the adsorbent per unit mass under certain conditions. It is usually expressed in terms of K adsorbents /kg of adsorbent or mass percentage, which is a sign of the adsorption capacity of the adsorbent. In industry, the amount of adsorption is called the activity of the adsorbent.activated carbon powder suppliers  The activity of the adsorbent can be expressed in two ways :(1) the static activity of the adsorbentUnder certain conditions, the equilibrium adsorption capacity of the adsorbent is its static activity.For a certain adsorption system, the static activity depends only on the adsorption temperature and the concentration or partial pressure of the adsorbed substance.   Dynamic activity of adsorbents Under certain operating conditions, the gas mixture by adsorption bed, adsorption by adsorption, adsorption after a period of time, when starting from the adsorbent in the laminar flow of the gas adsorbed mass (or its concentration reaches a specified value), think bed fire, adsorption properties of adsorbent adsorption quantity at this time is called dynamic activity of adsorbent. The activity is not only related to the characteristics of adsorbents and adsorbents, but also related to temperature, concentration and operating conditions. 
Activated carbon are widely used02021-06-27 18:29:43
In domestic has been eliminated. Specific surface area test unified the multi-point BET method at home and abroad, specific surface area measurement standards are developed at home and abroad is based on BET test method, please see our national standard (GB/T 19587-2004) - gas adsorption BET principle of solid material specific surface area measurement methods. Specific surface area testing is actually the more time-consuming jobs, as the adsorption capacity of sample is different, some sample testing may need to spend the whole dayTime, if the test process is not fully automated, the tester can not leave at any time, and should be highly focused, observe the dashboard, control the knob, a little careless will lead to the failure of the test process, which will waste a lot of valuable time of the tester.activated carbon manufacturer  F - Sorb 2400 specific surface tester is really able to BET method detection instruments (both direct comparison method), the more important F - Sorb 2400 specific surface tester is by far the only specific surface area of the fully automated intelligent testing equipment, the test results with the international high consistency, the stability is very good also, at the same time reduce the human error, improve accuracy test results.  The maintenance sewage contains a large number of complex biodegradable substances, biodegradability is poor, for many years mainly rely on fresh water dilution treatment and combustion furnace treatment, but these two methods are low efficiency and high cost, so it is necessary to develop new wastewater treatment methods. Although we have studied the upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor (UASB) for the treatment of high concentration sewage of the natural gas purification plant, the start-up test results of 133 days show that the effluent COD removal rate is only about 40% when the influent COD is 6000mg/L, and the treatment effect is not good. Therefore, it is of practical significance to explore and seek an effective pretreatment method. In this paper, Fenton oxidation and activated carbon adsorption were combined to pretreat the wastewater from natural gas purification maintenance, in order to improve the subsequent operation efficiency of UASB. This experiment by orthogonal test to determine the Fenton reagent oxidation first preliminary operating conditions, on this basis, carries on the single factor analysis method, the main factors influencing the Fenton reagent treatment effect for each study, investigation of its influence on wastewater COD removal rate, the results show that Fenton oxidation method the optimum operating conditions for natural gas purification overhaul wastewater treatment: HO2 dosing quantity 0.3 mol/L, n (HO)/n (Fe) = systematically, initial pH = 3, reaction temperature 70 ℃, reaction time, 40 min. Under these conditions, the COD removal rate reached 78.6%, the BOD /COD value increased from 0.168 to 0.353-0.403, and the biodegradability was greatly improved. If Ho is added in three times and the interval time is 10min, the COD removal rate will increase from 78.6% to 80.3%. Therefore, it can be seen that H0: batch addition will further improve the reaction effect. 
Activated carbon adsorption purifies the environment02021-07-29 00:50:00
Acid-base modification is to use acid, alkali and other substances to treat activated carbon, according to the actual need to adjust the surface functional groups of activated carbon, make it change, improve its ability of adsorption of metal ions, so as to achieve the desired adsorption effect.Acid-base modification of activated carbon is usually carried out to improve the adsorption effect of activated carbon on metal ions represented by copper ions. The commonly used modifiers include HC1, NaOH and citrate 3.It was found that by acid-base modification of common coal activated carbon, the ash content of the activated carbon could be greatly reduced and the specific surface area of the activated carbon could be increasedcarbon pellets  Electrochemical modification is to change the electrical and chemical properties of activated carbon surface by using micro electric field, so as to improve the adsorption selectivity and performance.It does not need to add chemical agents, does not need to heat, does not cause pollution to the environment, low energy consumption, only a few hundred millivolts, easy to operate.The results show that the adsorption equilibrium of activated carbon is dependent on the electric potential: the adsorption amount of activated carbon increases with the increase of the potential, and the adsorption speed is accelerated;Arpolarity polarization is beneficial to the adsorption of chloroform by activated carbon, while cathodic polarization inhibits the adsorption of chloroform by activated carbon 3-341]. Activated carbon heteroatom carrier and compound  modificationActivated carbon has very high stability and good activity, these two basic properties become the activated carbon as a catalyst or catalyst carrier conditions.By introducing certain heteroatoms and compounds on the surface of activated carbon by liquid phase deposition, the adsorption performance of activated carbon can be increased by using the binding effect between these substances and adsorbents.compounds, which has the advantages of increasing the reaction rate and increasing the adsorption capacity.Yang Quanhong et al. 'Using FESO;Activated carbon material was modified. The experimental results show that the surface structure of the activated carbon material modified by FeSO changes: the specific surface area decreases, the surface oxygen content increases, the plane of the random layer graphite carbon net is destroyed to a certain extent, and the ammonia absorption capacity and benzene absorption performance of the sample are greatly enhanced.He ChunHong et al. [reported the research progress of supporting activated carbon materials in the removal of SO; the removal ability of SO was significantly enhanced after supporting Co, Ni, Mg, and V compounds, which was due to the formation of Co(OH)2, Ni(OH)2, Mg (OH)2, and V,0 microcrystals on the surface of activated carbon after supporting, which enhanced the desulfurization activity of activated carbon. 
Activated carbon purifies polluted sludge02022-02-14 21:54:47
Urban sludge is a carbon material rich in organic matter. The preparation of activated carbon can not only solve the disposal problem of sludge, but also generate efficient and cheap adsorbent, which conforms to the scientific concept of circular economy and sustainable development. In this paper, the sludge of the municipal sewage plant was used as raw material, and the activated carbon was prepared by chemical activation method, and the adsorption of lead and cadmium was studied with it, so as to realize the use of waste for waste control. The conclusions are as follows:(1) According to the relevant national standards, the sludge of Liede Sewage Treatment Plant is mainly composed of volatile organic compounds, with a volatile content of 64.86%, which can be used as the main raw material for the preparation of activated carbon.activated carbon china manufacturers  (2) Without adding additives to the sludge, the concentration of sulfuric acid and zinc chloride is 4 mol·L' and the volume ratio is 2:1. The activated carbon prepared has the maximum iodine adsorption value of 549.6 mg·g 'and the yield of 51.3%, which is the better carbon sample prepared by pure sludge and is recorded as SAC.(3) Adding 8% peanut shell, the iodine value of activated carbon of sludge reached 789.6mg · g', which was recorded as PACgold recovery from activated carbon  By single factor experiment, the optimal conditions of carbon production were obtained as follows: pyrolysis temperature 600℃, activator concentration 4 mol · L', pyrolysis time 1.5h, solid-liquid ratio 1:2.5.Orthogonal experiment showed that the influence of each factor was as follows: pyrolysis temperatureIs the activator concentration Pyrolysis time >Solid-liquid ratio.(4) the main performance of PAC is basically equivalent to 8818 type activated carbon; The concentrations of heavy metals in activated carbon leaching solution of sludge were all qualified.Compared with domestic and foreign research reports, the quality of PAC is in the middle level.(5) Compared with SAC, the specific surface area of PAC is larger, up to 636.8m2·g'. PAC is mainly mesoporous, but also contains some micropores. The adsorption/desorption isotherm shows that PAC is activated carbon with parallel wall slit pore structure. 
Activated carbon adsorption purifies the environment02021-07-18 23:09:54
Activated carbon, is black powder or block, granular, honeycomb amorphous carbon, but also a regular arrangement of crystalline carbon.In addition to carbon elements, activated carbon also contains two kinds of admixtures: one is the chemical combination of elements, mainly oxygen and hydrogen, these elements are due to incomplete carbonization and residual in the carbon, or in the activation process, foreign non-carbon elements and activated carbon surface chemical combination;Another kind of admixture is ash, which is the inorganic part of activated carbon, and ash in active carbon is easy to cause secondary pollution.Because of its strong adsorption, activated carbon is widely used in production,In the life.Activated carbon material is processed by the amorphous  has a large specific surface area, the gas, solution of inorganic or organic matter and colloidal particles have good adsorption capacity.Activated Carbon materials mainly include Activated Carbon (AC) and Activated Carbon Fibers (ACF), etc.Activated carbon material as a kind of excellent adsorbent, mainly because of its unique adsorption surface structure and surface chemical properties.Activated carbon material has stable chemical properties and high mechanical strength. granular activated charcoal buy 
Activated carbon adsorption clean02021-06-21 20:00:52
In addition, the adsorption capacity of activated carbon also has a great relationship with its internal pore structure, pore size distribution and surface chemical properties. Chemical method in addition to certain micropores, macropores, there are more mesopores (transition pores), so it is more suitable for the application of liquid phase, adsorption of larger molecules of substances, such as sugar solution has a good decolorization effect;activated carbon wholesale price  When purifying water quality, it can also remove the colored material well and achieve the specified chroma requirements. Particle strength is also a main index of granular activated carbon. In order to improve the particle strength of granular activated carbon, usually take some special processing measures, such as adding some material help plasticizing and proper mechanical treatment 4 or control in the process of kneading kneading temperature and kneading time, can greatly improve the strength of granular activated carbon particles, making the strength of the granular activated carbon has reached the fruit shell carbon intensity index. activated charcoal pellets 
What is the majority of carbonization process of activated carbon? How to produce high quality activated carbon in large quantities02021-07-10 01:00:27
Generally speaking, forming carbon can be mixed with a variety of raw coal to adjust the pore distribution characteristics of the final product, so as to obtain some special application performance, and more than 80% of the pore distribution characteristics of raw coal directly broken carbon has been determined by the raw material, so the performance and use is simple.activated carbon manufacturers  (2) wood activated carbon.It is mshell/core activated carbon.Such as coconut shell carbon, apricot kernel carbon, peach kernel carbon, etc.(4) petroleum activated carbon.Using petroleum asphalt, petroleum coke as raw materials, made of activated carbon products.resin activated carbon.Using phenolic resin, waste ion exchange resin as raw materials, through a special process of activity.Carbon products, sometimes fibrous carbon also falls into this category.High - definition watermark of cut document under air(6) other small varieties of activated carbon products. Made of animal blood blood carbon, made of animal bones bone charcoal (there is very little, but bone charcoal carbon main ingredients of hydroxy calcium phosphate), with active carbon molecular sieve made of various materials, made of strong base and carbon materials of high surface area activated carbon, is made of organic polymer solution after mold made of special process method of activated carbon, activated carbon aerogels and so on. coal activated carbon manufacturer  Some of them are very small production and dosage, and some are still in the laboratory research stage, so they are included in the category of small varieties of activated carbon products. ade of all kinds of hard wood, crop wastes, and other industrial and agricultural wastes containing lignocellulose The beansMaterial as raw material, through the chemical method, physical method or physical-chemical combination of activated carbon. 
Activated carbon water ion02021-06-06 18:35:31
If the gas speed is very small, the size of the adsorber is large and uneconomical.  If the gas velocity is too large, the pressure drop will increase and the adsorption efficiency will be affected.The optimum gas velocity was determined by experiment. activated charcoal wholesale australia  The adsorption design can not pursue too high adsorption efficiency, the empty tower speed value is reduced, it will make the adsorption bed volume, the amount of adsorbent and equipment cost increased greatly;On the contrary, it is not appropriate to take too large empty tower gas speed. Although the equipment cost is low, the adsorption efficiency drops a lot, and the pressure drop of the system will rise rapidly with the increase of the empty tower speed, resulting in excessive power consumption. Therefore, due to the selection of the appropriate air speed of the empty tower, the most suitable air speed of the empty tower is 0.8~1.2m/s"21, according to the empirical conclusion, this design determines Its adsorption performance mainly depends on several main material parameters and process parameters on it [8. Material parameters including carbon adsorption porosity, thickness of honeycomb structure and the content of carbon; process parameters including fluid flow rate and concentration of the adsorption properties of adsorption, can adsorption depends on the carbon structure and adsorption properties of features such as molecular weight). The curve is one of the main performance characterization of adsorption, adsorption is the adsorbate concentration ratio before and after the change over time of a function [9 '. This ratio is 0.95, the amount of adsorption properties of adsorption is called penetration capacity. Penetration capacity depending on the fluid flow rate, the concentration of the adsorbate and honeycomb carbon component content Factors such as [10. For honeycomb activated carbon, the wall thickness is a very important parameter, by changing the wall thickness to improve its adsorption efficiency. Under the same porosity, thickness increases, the honeycomb carbon content per unit volume also will increase, which can improve the adsorption capacity. This is because the wall thickness increases, the fluid channel in the cellular cross-sectional area reduced, so the real surface or volume flow rate will increase. At the same time, the contact between adsorbate and carbon efficiency will, there is a balance between the two. Under the given conditions, the balance will determine adsorption increase or decrease. If the adsorbate at higherthe diffusion rate diffuses to the inside of the honeycomb wall, and the empty adsorption site can be continuously adsorbed, so the thick-walled honeycomb should have better adsorption efficiency and adsorption capacity"Determination of air velocity and cross-sectional area of empty towerThe empty tower gas velocity is the velocity of gas passing through the entire cross section of the adsorber.The selection of air velocity not only directly determines the size and pressure drop of the adsorber, but also affects the adsorption efficiency. 
The use of activated carbon and water refining02021-08-27 23:20:25
Adding appropriate chemical reagents will play the role of catalytic oxidation [73], and these chemical reagents will also increase the active point of activation reaction, which is conducive to the development of activated carbon pores.  Now at home and abroad the main research work is mainly the following aspects: a, additive in the functional mechanism of manufacturing activated carbon energy gao jun of China university of mining mechanism of additives in the manufacturing activated carbon made detail [4, pointed out that: the catalyst in the carbonization stage prompted carbon the destruction of the molecular structure of aromatic raw materials, to "structure" of disordering, provides a good initial activation reaction conditions, is an important factor to improve the activation of activated carbon pore. In the process of activation, potassium to strengthen the directionality of the pore, thereby reducing the unnecessary on ignition, and accelerated the process of pore forming, And pore distribution is given priority to with microporous activated carbon; refractory in the catalyst to ash content of SiO2 and Al, 03, etc, into acid soluble potassium nepheline chemical compounds such as magnesium and calcium silicon stone is the key to improve pickling deliming rate factor b and additives on the activated carbon adsorption properties, pore structure and pore size distribution - adding different additives. The influence of the activated carbon: c, chemicals for coking products. coal based granular activated carbon  
Water purification of activated carbon02021-11-25 22:06:14
The effect of the amount and adding method of activated carbon on smoke emission of cigarettes was investigated. It was found that the filtration efficiency of ternary compound filter was higher than that of binary compound filter under the influence of plasticizer when the amount of activated carbon was constant. With the increase of the amount of activated carbon, the filtration efficiency of the two kinds of composite filters increases. The effects of the amount of activated carbon on the filtration efficiency of the compounds with different volatiles are different. The effects of the amount of activated carbon on the filtration efficiency of the isomers are similar due to their close molecular weight and boiling point. When the dosage is small, the competitive adsorption is easy to occur. The adsorption amount of refractory components such as acetaldehyde is small, and the competition can be reduced by increasing the dosage. The filtration efficiency of refractory components shows an obvious upward trend with the increase of the dosage. When the temperature is below 600℃, the specific surface area of carbonized material increases with the increase of temperature.When 600~900℃, the specific surface area reaches a certain value: 250~300 m2/g; when above1000℃, the specific surface area shrinks rapidly. When the carbonization temperature is above 800℃, the reaction performance of carbonized compounds and activation gas gradually becomes weaker, so the carbonization temperature is generally below 1000℃. However, if the residual volatile content and thermal effect are taken into account, the most suitable temperature should be 600~700℃39]. The carbonized substance obtained from the carbonization process is placed in water vapor or a mixture of water vapor and combustion gas and heat treated at 800~1000℃, which is called the activation process. The commonly used activation gases are carbon dioxide, water vapor, oxygen, etc., due to the oxidation reaction of these gases on the surface of the carbonized substance, eroding the carbonized substance, thus producing a rich porous structure.(2) Chemical method. Chemical activation method is a method of preparing activated carbon by adding chemicals to the raw materials used or impregnation into the raw materials or carbonized materials, and then heating it at high temperature in inert gas.The chemicals used in chemical activation are generally dehydrating.The more commonly used activator is: inorganic acid varieties have phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid and boric acid, salt varieties have zinc chloride, calcium carbonate and potassium sulfate, alkali varieties have sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, etc. 
How Activated Carbon Filters Water?0dingxinda92020-10-16 00:27:15
Our water today is cleaner because of the world’s history and discoveries along the way. Today, activated charcoal, or activated carbon, is one of the components used in water filtration systems. In 2017, activated charcoal was a major player in water filtration, but substances like olive pits, shells from nuts, and coconut fibers are also being used. activated carbon for water treatment Before the year 2025 ends, it’s expected that the global activated carbon market will be worth more than $6.6 billion. You’ve heard of the term absorb, which is to soak something up. Activated charcoal or carbon is a little different. It adsorbs odors and substances from liquids. Instead of absorbing these odors and substances, it bonds to them. That’s called adsorption. A process using oxygen turns charcoal very porous. Those tiny pores trap and hold the substances that cause off-colors and odors in water. It can trap and hold things like chlorine, toxins, and even some prescription drugs that make their way into water sources. In a household, you might have a water purification system like Brita or PUR that attaches to your faucet or a water pitcher and removes impurities and odors from your tap water. People often use them to remove the chlorine odor and taste that remains in public drinking water. In a water treatment plant, crushed activated carbon or charcoal can help remove excess chlorine, organic materials, and other impurities. To do this, the crushed carbon is added right to the water where it removes the contaminants and then is removed after it settles with other sediments in holding tanks. Once it is removed, it can move to compost areas or landfills. Sometimes, activated carbon pairs with a UV disinfection system to aid in the removal of chlorine and other compounds that affect the taste and smell of water that’s been treated. The Environmental Protection Agency lists two ways to implement an activated carbon filtration system in a water treatment plant. One is a granular activated carbon filter that is added after the rapid mix, flocculation/sedimentation, and filtration steps. Water flows into the granular activated carbon filter once the water has been in the filtration tanks. This is known as post-filtration adsorption. The second placement is as part of the filtration tank. The granulated charcoal sits in the bottom of the filtration tank where it filters out odors and other contaminants. In this type of system, you have the rapid mix, flocculation/sedimentation, and filtration.coconut shell activated carbon company 
Water treatment of activated carbon02021-04-26 00:52:37
Activated carbon can realize desulfurization and denitration at the same time, no secondary pollution and renewable utilization of resources.At present, the adsorption device of activated carbon adsorption process reported in the literature is mainly fixed bed, and this process has the disadvantages of large equipment, large bed resistance, poor continuity and so on.activated charcoal wholesale uae  In this paper, the activated carbon desulfurization and denitration test bed, with the circulating fluidized bed as the main adsorption device, the activated carbon desulfurization and denitration test study.Circulating fluidized bed flue gas purification technology can effectively avoid the shortcomings of the fixed bed adsorption process, such as complex equipment, large space occupied, and unstable bed resistance, etc., and the good cooperation with the bag filter can achieve the continuity of activated carbon adsorption and   In this paper, the removal of SO2 and NO from flue gas by wood powdered activated carbon was studied in a pilot scale test rig.Some factors affecting the efficiency of desulfurization and denitration were analyzed through experiments, and economic analysis was made on the technology of combined desulfurization and denitration with activated carbon. So it is widely used in the world sewage and waste gas treatment, air purification, recovery of rare metals and solvents and other environmental protection and resource recovery and other fields.Activated carbon is divided into granular activated carbon, powder activated carbon and activated carbon fiber, but because the powder activated carbon has secondary pollution and cannot be regenerated and activated, it is limited to use GAC-granular activated carbon (granular activated carbon)85%~90% of GAC is used for water treatment and gas adsorption treatment, and its particle size is 500~ 5000U m. The pore structure of GAC is generally a tridisperse pore distribution, which has been obtained according to the International Society of Pure and Applied Chemistry(IUPAC) Classification Aperture >Large pores at 50nm, intermediate pores at 2.0~50nm and lt; 

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